Home What's new Search Description of the catalog Contribute to the database Catalogs: Resolved disks Unresolved disks Refuted disks

HL Tau

RA (J2000)
DEC (J2000)
Category
SpTy
R band (mag)
Distance (pc)
Disk Diameter (")
Disk Diameter (AU)
Inclination
PADisk
Reference
How Well Resolved
At ref. wavelength (micron)
# References
04 31 38.47+18 13 58.1TT K511.41401.04145.6144Kitamura et al. 20020.92000123
 

Notes:

Marginally resolved - needs confirmation. 'How well resolved' refers to deconvolved source size. Spectral Type Reference: White & Hillenbrand 2004

References:

A dual-frequency sub-arcsecond study of proto-planetary disks at mm wavelengths: first evidence for radial variations of the dust properties
Guilloteau, S., Dutrey, A., Pietu, V., and Boehler, Y. 2011 A.&A. 529 A105
 
Resolving the Circumstellar Disk of HL Tauri at Millimeter Wavelengths
Kwon, W., Looney, L.W., and Mundy L.G. 2011 Ap.J. 741 3
 
Dust properties of protoplanetary disks in the Taurus-Auriga star forming region from millimeter wavelengths
Ricci, L., Testi, L., Natta, A., Neri, R., Cabrit, S., Herczeg, G.J. 2010 A.&A. 512 15
3 mm continuum flux 
Carbon isotope fractionation in protoplanetary disks.
Woods, P.M., Willacy, K., 2009, ApJ, 693, 1360
 
High Angular Resolution Radio Observations of the HL/XZ Tau Region: Mapping the 50 AU Protoplanetary Disk Around HL Tau and Resolving XZ Tau S Into a 13 AU Binary
Carrasco-Gonzalez, C. et al. 2009 Ap.J. 693 L86
 
Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph Observations of Class I/II Objects in Taurus: Composition and Thermal History of the Circumstellar Ices
Zasowski, G., Kemper, F., Watson, Dan M., Furlan, E., Bohac, C. J., Hull, C., Green, J. D., 2009, ApJ, 694, 459
 
Near-infrared multiwavelength imaging polarimetry of the low-mass proto-stellar object HL Tauri
Murakawa, K., Oya, S., Pyo, T.-S., Ishii, M., 2008, A&A, 492, 731
 
The TEXES Survey for H2 Emission from Protoplanetary Disks
Bitner, M. A. et al., 2008, ApJ, 688, 1326
 
Spitzer IRS Spectra and Envelope Models of Class I Protostars in Taurus
Furlan, E., McClure, M., Calvet, N., Hartmann, L., D'Alessio, P., Forrest, W. J., Watson, D. M., Uchida, K. I., Sargent, B., Green, J. D., Herter, T. L., 2008, ApJ, 176, 184
 
Investigation of the linear polarization in infrared absorption bands
Zinov'eva, T.V., 2008, AstL, 34, 118
 
Enhanced dust emission in the HL Tau disc: a low-mass companion in formation?
Greaves, J. S., Richards, A. M. S., Rice, W. K. M., Muxlow, T. W. B., 2008, MNRAS, 391, 74
 
Interpreting Spectral Energy Distributions from Young Stellar Objects. II. Fitting Observed SEDs Using a Large Grid of Precomputed Models
Robitaille, T. P., Whitney, B. A., Indebetouw, R., Wood, K., 2007, ApJ, 169, 328
 
Evolution of dust and ice features around FU Orionis objects
Quanz, S.P., Henning, T, Bouwman, J., et al., 2007, ApJ, 668, 359
 
A micro-molecular bipolar outflow from HL Tauri
Takami, M., Beck, T.L., Pyo, T.-S., McGregor, P., & Davis, C., 2007, ApJ, 670, L33
 
Multigenerational star formation in L1551
Moriarty-Schieven, G.H., Johnstone, D., Bally, J., & Jenness, T., 2006, ApJ, 645, 357
850 micron, [Si II] and CO J=2-1 observations 
Dust stratification in young circumstellar disks
Rettig, T., Brittain, S., Simon, T., Gibb, E., Balsara, D.S., Tilley, D.A., & Kulsea, C., 2006, ApJ, 646, 342
 
Adaptive optics spectroscopy of the [Fe II] outflows from HL Tau and RW Aurigae
Pyo, T-S., Hayashi, M., Kobayaski, N., Tokunaga, A., Terada, H., et al., 2006, ApJ, 649, 836
 
Large dust particles in disks around T Tauri stars
Rodmann, J., Henning, Th., Chandler, C.J., Mundy, L.G., & Wilner, D.J., 2006, A&A, 446, 211
HL Tau disk resolved at 7 mm - 140x80AU at PA=170+-30 degrees 
CO line emission and absorption from the HL tauri disk - where is all the dust?
Brittain, S.D., Rettig, T.W., Simon, T., & Kulesa, C., 2005, ApJ, 626, 283
 
Circumstellar dust disks in Taurus-Auriga: The submillimeter perspective
Andrews, S.M. & Williams, J.P., 2005, ApJ, 631, 1134
 
Molecular gas in irradiated protoplanetary disks
Greaves, J.S., 2005, MNRAS, 364, L47
 
Molecular gas in irradiated protoplanetary disks
Greaves, J.S., 2005, MNRAS, 364, L47
 
The upper limit for CH4 in the protostellar disk toward HL Tauri
Gibb, E.L., Rettig, T., Brittain, S., Haywood, R., Simon, T., & Kulesa, C., 2004, ApJ, 610, L113
 
High-resolution imaging polarimetry of HL Tau and magnetic field structure
Lucas, P.W., Fukagawa, M., Tamura, M., Beckford, A.F., Itoh, Y., Murakawa, K., Suto, H., Hayashi, S.S., Oasa, Y., Naoi, T., Do, Y., Ebizuka, N. & Kaifu, N., 2004, MNRAS, 352, 1347
 
Galactic environment and the 10 micron silicate feature of young stellar objects
Bowey, J.E., Adamson, A.J., & Yates, J.A., 2003, MNRAS, 340, 1173
 
Investigation of the Physical Properties of Protoplanetary Disks around T Tauri Stars by a 1 Arcsecond Imaging Survey: Evolution and Diversity of the Disks in Their Accretion Stage
*Kitamura, Y., Momose, M., Yokogawa, S., Kawabe, R., Tamura, M. & Ida, S., 2002, ApJ, 581, 357
HL Tau disk resolved 
The evolution of the circumstellar environment of embedded young stars from observations of rare species of carbon monoxide
Fuller, G.A., & Ladd, E.F., 2002, ApJ, 573, 699
 
ISO-LWS two colour diagram of young stellar objects
Pezzuto, S., Grillo, F., Benedettini, M., Caux, E., Di Giorgio, A.M., et al. 2002, MNRAS, 330, 1034
 
A minerology of extrasolar silicate dust from 10 micron spectra
Bowey, J.E., & Adamson, A.J., 2002, MNRAS, 334, 94
10 micron Si absorption in HL Tau 
Near infrared hydrogen lines as diagnostic of accretion and winds in T Tauri stars
Folha, D.F.M., & Emerson, J.P., 2001, A&A, 365, 90
 
The circumstellar environment of low-mass protostars: A millimeter continuum mapping survey
Motte, F. and Andre, P. 2001 A.&A. 365 440
 
An H13CO+ survey for dense envelopes around low-mass embedded sources in Taurus
Saito, M., Kawabe, R., Kitamura, Y & Sunada, K., 2001, ApJ, 547, 840
 
Observational constraints on the formation and evolution of binary stars
White, R.J., & Ghez, A.M., 2001, ApJ, 556, 265
 
Discs and the 10 micron silicate spectra of young stellar objects with non-photospheric continua
Bowey, J.E., & Adamson, A.J., 2001, MNRAS, 320, 131
Significant fraction of HL Tau's 10 micron Si feature is opticaly thin 
Unveiling the circumstellar envelope and disk: A subarcsecond survey of circumstellar structures
Looney, L.W., Mundy, L.G & Welch, W.J., 2000, ApJ, 529, 477
Resolved disk at 2.7 mm - 0.'88 x 0.'58 deconvolved size at PA=111 degrees 
The structure of protostellar envelopes derived from submillimeter continuum images
Chandler, C.J., & Richer, J.S., 2000, ApJ, 530, 851
Images of HL Tau at 350, 450, 750 and 850 micron 
Resolving molecular line emission from protoplanetary disks: observational prospects for disks irradiated by infalling envelopes
Gomez, J.F. & D'Alessio, P., 2000, ApJ, 535, 943
 
High-resolution, wide field imaging of the HL Tauri environment in 13CO (1-0)
Welch, W.J., Hartmann, L., Helfer, T. & Briceno, C., 2000, ApJ, 540, 362
HL Tau region confused by expanding bubble of material from XZ Tau. Previous ID's of disk material may in fact be edge of bubble which overlaps HL Tau position 
A high-resolution radio survey of class I protostars
Lucas, P.W., Blundell, K.M. & Roche, P.F., 2000 MNRAS, 318, 526
 
High veiling at near infrared wavelengths in classical T Tauri stars
Folha, D.F.M., & Emerson, J.P., 1999, A&A, 352, 517
 
Lunar occultations of young stars in southern Taurus
Simon, M., Beck, T.L., Greene, T.P., Howell, R.R., Lumsden, S. & Prato, L., 1999, AJ, 117, 1594
 
Near-infrared spectropolarimetry of three prototype low-mass young stellar objects in the Taurus dark cloud
Kobayashi, N., Nagata, T., Tamura, M., Takeuchi, T., Takami, H., Kobayashi, Y., & Sato, S., 1999, ApJ, 517, 256
 
Self-consistent model of the dusty torus around HL Tauri
Men'shchikov, A.B., Henning, Th., & Fischer, O., 1999, ApJ, 519, 257
 
C18O and C17O observations of embedded young stars in the Taurus molecular cloud. I. Integrated intensities and column densities
Ladd, E.F., Fuller, G.A & Deane, J.R., 1998, ApJ, 495, 871
 
8-13 micron spectroscopy of young stars
Hanner, M.S., Brooke, T.Y., & Tokunaga, A.T., 1998, ApJ, 502, 871
 
Imaging polarimetry of class I young stellar objects
Lucas, P.W., & Roche, P.F., 1998, MNRAS, 299, 699
 
The submillimetre colour of young stellar objects
Dent, W.R.F., Matthews, H.E., & Ward-Thompson, D., 1998, MNRAS, 301, 1049
Fluxes at 350, 450, 800 and 1100 micron 
A survey of optical and near-infrared jets in Taurus embedded sources
Gomez, M., Whitney, B.A. & Kenyon, S.J., 1997, AJ, 114, 1138
 
Adaptive Optics 0.'2 resolution infrared images of HL Tauri: Direct images of an active accretion disk around a protostar
Close, L.M., Roddier, F., Northcott, M.J., Roddier, C., & Graves, J.E., 1997, ApJ, 478, 766
 
Near-infrared polarimetry of embedded young stars in the Taurus-Auriga molecular cloud
Whitney, B.A., Kenyon, S.J., & Gomez, M., 1997, ApJ, 485, 703
 
Constraints on the HL Tauri protostellar disk from millimeter- and submillimeter-wave interferometry
Lay, O.P., Carlstrom, J.E. & Hills, R.E., 1997, ApJ, 489, 917
 
First-overtone CO variability in young stellar objects
Biscaya, A.M., Rieke, G.H., Narayanan, G., Luhman, K.L., & Young, E.T., 1997, ApJ, 491, 359
 
Plateau de Bure observations of HL Tauri: outflow motionsin a remnant circumstellar envelope
Cabrit, S., Guilloteau, S., Andre, P., Bertout, C., Montmerle, T & Schuster, K., 1996, A&A, 305, 527
 
Molecular outflows and star formation in the HL Tau stellar group
Monin, J.-L., Pudritz, R.E., & Lazareff, B., 1996, A&A, 305, 572
 
Near-infrared photometric monitoring of young stellar objects
Skrutskie, M.F., Meyer, M.R., Whalen, D., & Hamilton, C., 1996, AJ, 112, 2168
 
Near-infrared spectra and the evolutionary status of young stellar objects: results of a 1.1-2.4 micron survey
Greene, T.P., & Lada, C.J., 1996, AJ, 112, 2184
 
Mid-infrared imaging of young stellar objects
Liu, M.C., Graham, J.R., Ghez, A.M., Meixner, M., Skinner, C.J., et al. 1996 ApJ, 461, 334
 
Imaging the HL Tauri disk at lambda=2.7 millimeters with the BIMA array
Mundy, L.G., Looney, L.W., Erickson, W., Grossman, A., Welch, W.J., et al. 1996, ApJ, 464, L169
Disk resolved to be 1'x0.'5 at PA=125+- 10 degrees 
The Nobeyama Millimeter Array survey of young stellar objects associated with the Taurus molecular cloud
Ohashi, N., Hayashi, M., Kawabe, R & Ishiguro, M., 1996, ApJ, 466, 317
 
Subarcsecond VLA observations of HL Tauri: imaging the circumstellar disk
Wilner, D.J., Ho, P.T.P., & Rodriguez, L.F., 1996, ApJ, 470, L117
0.'75 x 0.'35 at PA=125+- 10 degrees 
Three micron hydrocarbon and methanol absorption in Taurus
Chiar, J.E., Adamson, A.J & Whittet, D.C.B., 1996, ApJ, 472, 665
 
Radio continuum emission from stars: a catalogue update
Wendker, H.J., 1995, A&AS, 109, 177
 
Millimeter-wave continuum measurements of young stars
Osterloh, M., & Beckwith, S.V.W., 1995, ApJ, 439, 288
 
1 millimeter polarimetry of young stellar objects: low-mass protostars and T Tauri stars
Tamura, M., Hough, J.H., & Hayashi, S.S., 1995, ApJ, 448, 346
 
WFPC2 imaging of the circumstellar nebulosity of HL Tauri
Stapelfeldt, K.R., Burrows, C.J., Krist, J.E., Trauger, J.T., Hester, J.J., et al. 1995, ApJ, 449, 888
WFPC2 image of HL Tau nebulosity
Vertical disk structure in HL Tauri
Beckwith, S.V.W. & Birk, C.C., 1995, ApJ, 449, L59
 
In search of HL Tauri
Weintraub, D.A., Kastner, J.H., & Whitney, B.A., 1995, ApJ, 452, L141
 
Pre-Main-Sequence evolution in the Taurus-Auriga molecular cloud
Kenyon, S.J. & Hartmann, L., 1995, ApJS, 101, 117
 
Radio emission from stars: a survey at 250 Ghz
Altenhoff, W.J., Thum, C,. & Wendker, H.J., 1994, A&A, 281, 161
 
Speckle imaging of T Tauri stars in the L and M near-infrared bands
Tessier, E., Bouvier, J. & Lacombe, F., 1994, A&A, 283, 827
 
Imaging polarimetry of HL Tauri and GG Tauri: a geometrically thin disk around GG Tauri
Yamashita, T., Hodapp, K.-W., & Moore, T.J.T., 1994, ApJ, 422, L21
 
A C18O (J=1-0) survey of protostellar candidates embedded in the Taurus molecular cloud
Hayashi, M., Hasegawa, T., Ohashi, N. & Sunada, K., 1994, ApJ, 426, 234
 
Subarcsecond VLA maps of the disk and jet in HL Tauri
Rodriguez, L.F., Canto, J., Torrelles, J.M., Gomez, J.F., Anglada, G. & Ho, P.T.P., 1994,ApJ, 427, L103
 
Protostellar accretion disks resolved with the JCMT-CSO interferometer
Lay, O.P., Carlstrom, J.E., Hills, R.E., & Phillips, T.G., 1994, ApJ, 434, L75
FWHM=60 AU at PA=126 degrees 
Is HL Tauri an FU Orionis system in quiescence?
Lin, D.N.C., Hayashi, M., Bell, K.R., & Ohashi, N., 1994, ApJ, 435, 821
 
[Fe II] 1.53 and 1.64 micron emission from pre-main-sequence stars
Hamann, F., Simon, M., Carr, J.S., & Prato, L., 1994, ApJ, 436, 292
 
A K' imaging survey of molecular outflow sources
Hodapp. K.-W., 1994, ApJS, 94, 615
 
Cold Dust around Herbig-Haro Energy Sources - a 1300-MICRON Survey
Reipurth, B., et al. 1993 A.&A. 273, 221
 
A systematic approach for young binaries in Taurus
Leinert, Ch., Zinnecker, H., Weitzel, N, Christou, J., Ridgway, S.T., Jameson, R., Haas, M., & Lenzen, R., 1993, A&A, 278, 129
 
The exciting sources of Herbig-haro objects. I. A catalogue of 1-20 micron observations
Molinari, S., Liseau, R., & Lorenzetti, D., 1993, A&AS, 101, 59
 
The multiplicity of T Tauri stars in the star forming regions Taurus-Auriga and Ophiuchus-Scorpius: A 2.2 micron speckle imaging survey
Ghez, A.M., Neugebauer, G. & Matthews, K., 1993, AJ, 106, 2005
 
Molecular line emission from circumstellar disks
Beckwith, S.V.W. & Sargent, A., 1993, ApJ, 402, 280
 
Submillimeter CO observations of warm gas around T Tauri stars
Schuster, K.F., Harris, A.I., Anderson, N., & Russell, A.P.G., 1993, ApJ, 412, L67
 
Upper limits to the detection of ammonia from protoplanetary disks around HL Tauri and L1551-IRS 5
Gomez, J.F., Torrelles, J.M., Ho, P.T.P., Rodriguez, L.F. & Canto, J., 1993, ApJ, 414, 333
 
A dynamically accreting gas disk around HL Tauri
Hayashi, M., Ohashi, N, & Miyama, S.M., 1993, ApJ, 418, L71
 
Detection of water vapor in T Tauri stars
Shiba, H., Sato, S., Yamashita, T., kobayashi, Y & Takami, H., 1993, ApJS, 89, 299
 
Infrared spectra and circumstellar emission of IRAs sources with ten micron silicate absorption
Noguchi, K., Qian, Z., Wang, G., Wang, J., 1993, PASJ, 45, 65
 
Chemistry in circumstellar disks: CS toward HL Tauri
Blake, G.A., van Dishoeck, E.F., & Sargent, A.I., 1992, ApJ, 391, L99
 
VLA imaging of a possible circumstellar disk around HL Tauri
Rodriguez, L.F., Canto, J., Torrelles, J.M., Gomez, J.F., & Ho, P.T.P., 1992, ApJ, 393, L29
 
A catalog of co-added IRAS fluxes of Orion population stars
Weaver, W.B., & Jones, G., 1992, ApJS, 78, 239
 
Observations of 11 protostellar sources in Taurus with Nobeyama millimeter array: growth of circumstellar disks
Ohashi, N., Kawabe, R., Hayashi, M., & Ishiguro, M., 1991, AJ, 102, 2054
 
Particle emissivity in circumstellar disks
Beckwith, S.V.W. & Sargent, A.I., 1991, ApJ, 381, 250
 
The molecular structure around HL Tauri
Sargent, A.I., & Beckwith, S.V.W., 1991, ApJ, 382, 31
 
Young stellar objects detected by IRAS
Clark, F.O., 1991, ApJS, 75, 611
 
A survey for circumstellar disks around young stellar objects
Beckwith, S.V.W., Sargent, A.I., Chini, R.S., & Guesten, R., 1990, AJ, 99, 924
 
Measurements of Br gamma and H2 in young stellar objects
Carr, J.S., 1990, AJ, 100, 1244
 
Submillimeter photometry and disk masses of T Tauri disk systems
Adams, F.C., Emerson, J.P. & Fuller, G.A., 1990, ApJ, 357, 606
 
Three micron spectroscopy of low mass pre-main-sequence stars
Sato, S., Nagata, T., Tanaka, M., & Yamamoto, T., 1990, ApJ, 359, 192
 
A catalog of pre-main sequence emission-line stars with IRAS source associations
Weintraub, D.A., 1990, ApJS, 74, 575
 
Infrared images of HL Tauri - scattering from an inclined, flaring disk
Monin, J.-L., Pudritz, R.E., Rouan, D., & Lacombe, F., 1989, A&A, 215, L1
 
A two micron polarization survey of T Tauri stars
Tamura, M., & Sato, S., 1989, AJ, 98, 1368
 
Extremely high-velocity molecular flows in young stellar objects
Koo, B.-C., 1989, ApJ, 337, 318
 
Interferometric observations of 1.4 millimeter continuum sources
Woody, D.P., Scott, S.L., Scoville, N.Z., Mundy, L.G., Sargent, A.I., et al. 1989, ApJ, 337, L41
 
Tomographic imaging of HL Tauri
Beckwith, S.V.W., Sagent,A.I., Koresko, C.D., & Weintraub, D.A., 1989, ApJ, 343, 393
 
Near-infrared CO emission in young stellar objects
Carr, J.S., 1989, ApJ, 345, 522
 
2.0 to 2.4 micron spectroscopy of T Tauri stars
Hamann, F., Simon, M., & Ridgway, S.T., 1988, ApJ, 326, 859
 
A search for molecular outflows toward the pre-main-sequence objects
Levreault, R.M., 1988, ApJS, 67, 283
 
Infrared spectroscopy of dust in the Taurus dark clouds - Ices and silicates
Whittet, D.C.B., Bode, M.F., Longmore, A.J., Adamson, A.J., et al., 1988 MNRAS, 233, 321
 
High angular resolution CO mapping of the high velocity gas associated with the Hl/XZ Tau and V645 Cygni (GL 2789)
Torrelles, J.M., Anglada, G., Rodriguez, L.F., Canto, J., & Barral, J.F., 1987, A&A, 177, 171
 
Observations of infrared emission lines and radio continuum emission from pre-main-sequence objects
Evans, N.J. II, Levreault, R.M., Beckwith, S & Skrutskie, M., 1987, ApJ, 320, 364
 
Kinematics of the circumstellar gas of HL Tauri and R Monocerotis
Sargent, A.I., & Beckwith, S., 1987, ApJ, 323, 294
 
Small-scale structure of the circumstellar gas of HL Tauri and R Monocerotis
Beckwith, S.V.W., Sargent, A.I., Scoville, N.Z., Masson, C.R., Zuckerman, B. & Phillips, T.G., 1986, ApJ, 309, 755
 
Spectrophotometry at 10 microns of T Tauri stars
Cohen, M., & Witteborn, F.C., 1985, ApJ, 294, 345
 
Ice in the Taurus molecular cloud - modeling of the 3 - microns profile
Van de Bult, C.E.P.M., Greenberg, J.M., & Whittet, D.C.B., 1985, MNRAS, 214, 289
 
Solid CO in the Taurus dark clouds
Whittet, D.C.B., McFadzean, A.D., & Longmore, A.J., 1985, MNRAS, 216, 45
 
Infrared polarizationof sources with bipolar mass outflow
Hodapp, K.-W., 1984, A&A,141, 255
 
High spatial resolution IR observations of young stellar objects: a possible disk surrounding HL Tauri
Grasdalen, G.L., Strom, S.E., Strom, K.M., Capps, R.W., hmpson, D., & Castelaz, M., 1984, ApJ, 283, L57
 
Discovery of solar system size halos around young stars
Beckwith, S., Zuckerman, B., Skrutskie, M.F., & Dyck, H.M., 1984, ApJ, 287, 793
 
Broad band spectral energy distributions of T Tauri stars in the Taurus-Auriga region
Rydgren, A.E., 1984, PUSNO, 25, 1
 
Additional UBVRI and JHKL photometry of T Tauri stars in the Taurus region
Rydgren, A.E., & Vrba, F.J., 1983, AJ, 88, 1017
 
Stellar winds and molecular clouds - T Tauri stars
Calvet, N., Canto, J., & Rodriguez, L.F., 1983, ApJ, 268, 739
 
HL tauri and its circumstellar disk
Cohen, M., 1983, ApJ, 270, L69
 
Are interstellar toroids the focusing agent of the bipolar molecular outflows?
Torrelles, J.M., Rodriguez,L.F., Canto, J., Carral, P., Marcaide, J., Moran, J.M. & Ho, P.T.P., 1983,ApJ, 274, 214